All about calories

Under the calorie lat. calor (heat) is the calorific value or energy content of food. Colloquially we talk about calories, but we actually mean kilocalories. Calories are not only a unit of calculation, but they give you valuable clues to eat healthy and thus prevent diseases and overweight.

Not only should you be careful to only eat as many calories as you burn, but also what kind of calories you eat. Because calories are not all the same. Fats, carbohydrates, fructose and glucose are processed differently in the body.

Especially sugars such as sucrose or corn syrup have a high fructose content, which in purely biochemical terms is of no nutritional value to the body. Thus one takes here so-called “empty” calories to itself, which can lead then also still to a disturbed equilibrium of the hunger satiety feeling and bring further negative effects on the health with itself.

Fats, carbohydrates, fructose and glucose are metabolized differently in the body. Especially sugars such as sucrose or corn syrup have a high fructose content, which in purely biochemical terms has no nutritional value for the body.
Thus one takes here so-called “empty” calories to itself, which can lead then also still to a disturbed equilibrium of the hunger satiety feeling and further negative effects on the health with itself to bring can.

A 12-week study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in which subjects ate 1000 more kcal a day than they could burn. Half of the group consumed this additional energy in the form of carbohydrates, the other half in the form of proteins. In the process, everyone involved gained weight.
The subjects in the carbohydrate group lost an average of just under 1 kilogram of muscle mass, but gained just under 4 kilograms of fat. However, the subjects in the protein group gained an average of a good 3 kilograms in muscle mass.

Depending on your size, age and gender, you need energy in the form of calories every day to function. The amount of calories you need each day when you are completely at rest, for example when you are lying in bed all day, is called your basal metabolic rate.

The problem many people have is that they make satisfaction with their body dependent on the weight on the scale. But a sexy shape can’t be defined simply by the weight on the scale. Precisely because muscle mass weighs three times as much as fat. Therefore, many athletes are dissatisfied despite a sexy shape, because the scale does not show the desired weight thanks to the trained muscle mass. Water balance also plays a role, especially in women. Just before the menstrual cycle, water retention occurs, resulting in weight gain. For this reason, we recommend that if you lose weight, you record your successes with a tape measure.

Especially the small, unnoticed snacks in between often upset the calorie balance and the natural hunger-satiety rhythm. It is not the size of the snack, but its energy density in the form of calorific value (calories) that determines how quickly your daily calorie quota is used up.

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